Submission requirements

Conference programme

Submission requirements

Information for the participants

For sponsors




1. The volume of the papers should not exceed 10 pages in accordance with the Guidelines for participation in the Conference.

2. The received papers are reviewed, and the Editorial Board commits the final decision for publication or refusing publication of the papers presented during the Conference.

3. Papers submitted for publication should be in Microsoft Word 2007 – 2016 format Word and in PDF format, as follows:

  • Font: Times  New Roman 12;
  • Format of the pages: Page Setup: Top: 2,5 sm, Bottom: 2,5 sm, Left: 2,5 sm, Right: 2,5 sm
  • Line Spacing: 1,5 lines; First Line: 1,5 см; Paper Size: A4.

4. The main structure of the paper shall include: title page, introduction, paper body, conclusion and references.

5. The title page includes:

Title of the paper – up to 10 words). The title presents the main topic of the study (Font: capital letters, 12 pt, Center, Bold).

Name(s) of the author(s), science degree, academic position (Font: lowercase letters, 12 pt, Bold), institutional affiliation or previous employer, e-mail of the author (Italic). The information should not exceed 40 words.

Abstract with a maximum length of 250 words (Font: lowercase letters, 10 pt, Italic). The abstract of the papers, whose main text is in Bulgarian should be written in Bulgarian and English. For publications that are written in English, the abstract should only be in English. It should be short and clear and concisely contain the following elements:

  • Introduction;
  • Purpose and objectives of the study;
  • Applied methodology;
  • Achieved major results;
  • Leads;
  • Limitations of the research and consequences, practical implications, originality/value (if applicable)

Keywords should includeup to 10 keywords in Bulgarian and English (Font: lowercase letters, 10 pt, Italic).

6. Introduction

The purpose of the introduction is to convince readers that the published research contains novelty and it is applicable. It answers the following questions: What is the main problem?; Are there any existing solutions (indicates the level of study the problem at the moment)?; What are the best solutions according to the author’s/s’ opinion?; What is the main limitation of the research?; What is expected to be achieved by the author of the research?

(Download well-formed paper template.)

7. Paper body

The paper body/ main text is structured into separate sections, distinguished by their titles, with clear indication of the differences between their hierarchy (headings should be in lowercase letters, Bold; subheadings – Italic Bold). Headings should be brief, left alignment.

The paper body/ main text should include:

Purpose and objectives of the study. The purpose and objectives of the study should ensure the understanding of the publication’s focus and should justify its structure.

Main thesis and hypothesis of the research. Authors’ arguments about their merit are presented.

Applied methodology and methods. The author should indicate the main methods and stages used in the research.

Achieved major results. The main thesis of the author must be clearly traceable and steadily established.When presenting the results, it is important authors to focus on the essentials. The publication must contain only the essential. If development is full of statistics, it is possible to prevail over the conclusions and after all the publication to be seen primarily as an enumeration of facts, not a scientific study. It is important when presenting the results not to make statements that go beyond what results can acknowledge.

8. Conclusion

The general rule is that the conclusion should not only contain a summary of the research (it can be found in the abstract). The conclusion should give answers to the set at the beginning of the publication questions and to indicate opportunities for further research. It would be better to reveal how the achieved results will be applied in practice and to identify constraints in this regard. It is not accepted in the conclusion to introduce new material or to be state the obvious. In the conclusion it should be emphasized what is different in the research results, what stands out in the design or it is unexpected.

9. Notes

Notes or Endnotes should be used only if absolutely necessary and must be identified in the text by consecutive numbers, enclosed in square brackets and listed at the end of the article.

10. Figures

All Figures (charts, infographics, diagrams, web pages/screenshots, and photographic images should be submitted in the file in JPG with high resolution – 300 dpi (i.e. if infographics was created in Excel, the Excel file with the infographics shoud be attached).

Color illustrations are accepted in exceptional cases after special agreement and eventual additional costs.

For blueprint authors should use Word Equation. The numbers of formulas to be written in brackets in the left side of the page.

Numbers and titles of the figures are placed below them. Authors should avoid many inscriptions inside the figures

11. Tables

Tables should be typed in Word Table or Excel format. They should be numbered consecutively according to citation in the text. Each table should have a title. Numbers and titles of the tables are placed over them. It is preferable it to fit on the page without using Landscape.

12. References

References to other publications must be in Harvard style and carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency. At the end of the paper a reference list in alphabetical order should be supplied.

After each source quoted in Cyrillic should be given the same source, transliterated according to the Transliteration Act passed in 2009Transliteration can be done automatically, and with a program such as

Citing in text

Author’s names and initials, year of publication and page, if necessary, are given in round brackets (Adams, 2006), (Adams, 2006, р. 23), (Adams, 2006, рр. 23-26).

When a work has 2 authors, cite their surnames, initials and year of publish (Adams; Brown, 2006).  

When there are more than three authors, it is typed the surname of the first author and year of publish (ex. Adams et al., 2006)

Sources published in the same year by the same author are listed by a lower-case letter a, b, c, etc. (ex. Adams, 2006а; Adams, 2006b; 2006c).

Electronic sources are quoted in the text in the same way as printed publications, except page numbers. After the author’s surname, write the date of publication (if any). If the author is not specified, the publication title is typed.

Reference list

At the end of the paper a reference list in alphabetical order of author’s surnames should be supplied. (Download well-formed citations.)

Contact with the Organizer

Sofia 1504
82 Evlogi I Hristo Georgievi Blvd
Rakovski National Defence College
02/92 26695
02/92 26550

IBAN: BG40BNBG96613100152401